The first question on most investors’ lips usually is “Eh bro, what Singapore stocks to buy ah?” To be fair, Heartland Boy also asks his investor and analyst-friends the same question. However, the only reason he does so is to generate ideas. He never buys stocks simply based on friends or analysts’ recommendations. (Confession: Heartland Boy used to do that in the past but now he only trusts his own analysis.) After generating ideas through these conversations, Heartland Boy would then put these ideas through a rigorous and systematic test to ascertain if this is truly a Singapore stock to buy. So, what exactly is this “rigorous and systematic test”?
Buy Singapore Stocks Based On A Proven Winning Strategy
Heartland Boy’s journey in stock investment first began when Heartland Girl bought him a book titled “Winning the Game of Stocks” by Adam Khoo.
Till today, Heartland Boy likes to think there was no hidden agenda from Heartland Girl’s gift.
Given that Adam Khoo has an enviable track record in stock investment, Heartland Boy thought it will be a good idea to buy Singapore Stocks based on a proven strategy. That is, and still is, the most important piece of advice that Heartland Boy would share with all investors starting out.
Adam Khoo preaches Value Momentum, which is basically a mix of Fundamental Analysis (‘FA’) and Technical Analysis (‘TA’) that addresses 3 common tenets of investment. In answering what Singapore Stocks to buy, Heartland Boy puts on his FA cap and outlines 6 criteria that any Singapore Stock must pass before he decides to buy them.
1.History of Consistently Increasing Revenue and Profits
If you ask a group of people who is going to be the next Football World Cup champion, it is not surprising to hear these answers:
“England” (Shockingly consistent in disappointing but still popular)
The list goes on and the debate never ceases. The point Heartland Boy is trying to make is that it is a very unpredictable event. However, if you ask someone to predict who is going to be the next Netball World Champion and then proceed to show them this chart, you are probably going to get only 2 answers.
Diagram 2: Past Netball World Champions (Source: Wikipedia)
Therefore, a good indicator that the stock will consistently be able to increase its future profits is by analyzing its track record. By buying a stock with a strong track record, you have already given yourself a high chance that the stock will be able to continue its performance going forward. Perhaps, this will start to give you an insight why initiation reports have been made on the following stocks: (CNMC, Micro-Mechanics, Sunningdale)
Diagram 3: Singapore Stocks With History Of Consistently Increasing Revenue And Profit
Conservative Level of Debt
While debt is not necessarily a bad thing, excessive leverage exposes a company to huge risks, particularly during cyclical downturns. (Case in point: Swiber) The rule of thumb is that net long-term debt should be less than 3 times of annual profits. With this criteria in place, you would have never purchased Swiber and end up worrying whether you will ever see your money again!
A Consistent and High Return on Equity (‘ROE’)
Heartland Boy uses ROE as a profitability measure to gauge how well the company is performing over time. He sets a 12% ROE hurdle rate for all the stocks that he buys. A high and consistent ROE indicates that the company may have a sustainable competitive advantage, and that it will use shareholder’s money to grow at a high compounding rate.
Undervalued Stock Where Share Price is Less Than Intrinsic Value
Everyone loves a good deal, so you feel ecstatic if you only have to pay $0.50 for a stock whose intrinsic value is worth $1. To calculate a stock’s intrinsic value, you need to discount the future 10 years of net operating cash flow to arrive at its aggregate present value. This is perhaps the most difficult concept to grasp, unless you have gone through Finance School. Here is how Heartland Boy predicts the 2 uncertainties in this equation:
Growth rate of future net operating cashflow
For established companies, Heartland Boy uses the historical 10 year growth rate at which EPS has grown. For new companies, Heartland Boy uses the industry growth rate.
Discount rate to apply
To first find out the right discount rate to apply, Heartland Boy extracts the stock’s beta from Reuters. From the company’s beta, you can apply the following discount rates via a simple table compiled for non-financial students.
Diagram 4: Beta and Discount Rate To Apply For Singapore Stocks (Source: Adam Khoo)
Sustainable Competitive Advantage
A sustainable competitive advantage functions like a wide moat around a castle as it seeks to protect the castle from foot invaders. Along the same vein, a sustainable competitive advantage protects the company’s future profits from competitors. Here are some examples of sustainable competitive advantages:
- Market leadership and economics of scale
- Strong brand name
- Patents or technological know-how
- High switching cost that lock in customers
One of the perks of having a sustainable competitive advantage is that these companies find that they are able to increase prices without losing a proportionate share of customers.
Future Growth Drivers
Simply relying on a good track record and a strong sustainable competitive advantage will not automatically translate into higher revenue and profits in the future. However, if there are strong growth drivers present, it will help lay down a good growth map for the stock. Here are some examples of growth drivers that the following Singapore Stocks have at the moment:
- Entering into new markets (eg: Q&M’s successful entry into China)
- Expansion of production facilities (Riverstone, CNMC)
- Development of new products (Sarine developed the Allegro system)
Conclusion On What Singapore Stocks To Buy
Heartland Boy must admit that putting stocks through such a rigorous test is a very tiring exercise. Moreover, psychological pitfalls such as confirmation bias and effort justification make it even harder. It takes discipline to and even greater discipline to walk away if the stock fails the test. Perhaps, you can attribute this to occupational hazard. But, if you work so hard to earn your wages, surely you want to be even more careful to ensure that the money set aside for investment stands a very good chance of generating positive returns. As Heartland Boy’s CEO puts it succinctly- you may have to kiss a thousand frogs before one turns into a prince.
[P.S. After learning what stocks to buy, you may be interested on when you should buy those stocks in this post.]